Color and appearance – most of essential oil show itself as light-yellow oil transparent liquid, and colorless, yellow-brown, red, blue, blue-green, and a few essential oil are solid (Yu Chuangmu)

Smell – with a special aroma

Volatility — volatilizable at normal temperature

Proportion – most of them are lighter than water, and a few are heavier than water.

Solubility – soluble in organic solvent

The refractive index – all has strong refraction,which will be higher when long or improper storage, and will change when there are impurities.

Oxidative polymerization – if laid up in air or sunshine for long time, it will gradually oxidize and deteriorate.

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